Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2018, Page: 58-64
Survey and Identification of Major Sesame Diseases in Low Land Areas of Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia
Yirga Belay Kindeya, Department of crop science, Humera Agricultural Research Center (HuARC), Tigray, Ethiopia
Weres Negash Golla, Department of crop science, Humera Agricultural Research Center (HuARC), Tigray, Ethiopia
Asefa Abadi Kebede, Department of crop science, Humera Agricultural Research Center (HuARC), Tigray, Ethiopia
Fiseha Baraki Sibhatu, Department of crop science, Humera Agricultural Research Center (HuARC), Tigray, Ethiopia
Received: Oct. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 3, 2018;       Published: Dec. 25, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jb.20180202.16      View  32      Downloads  15
Abstract
The survey was conducted at ten specific location major sesame growing representative low land areas of western zone of Tigray. The study was conducted in consecutive three years (2015, 2016, and 2017) at different locations. The objectives of the study were (1) to assess and identify major sesame diseases and (2) to study the prevalence, incidence and severity of different sesame diseases. Bacterial blight (83.24%) recorded the highest diseases incidence followed by powdery mildew (78.13%), fusarium wilt (78%), phyllody (72.01%) and blight leaf spot (72%). Whereas blight leaf spot recorded highest severity (31.33%), followed by fusarium wilt (27.2%), phyllody (25.24%), bacterial blight (22.76%) and powdery mildew (22.6%). Maygaba and division locations recorded the highest diseases incidence (90.49%) and (86.76%) respectively while Lugudi recorded the lowest diseases incidence (48.055). Bacterial blight recorded 100% diseases severity in all locations followed by blight leaf spot in Doka- abagabyo (92%) and phyllody (81%,) in Adi-usmanand fusarium wilt (61. 41%) in Adi usman. From the study recommended that appropriate control methods should be identified and recommended to prevent sesame yield loss and increases productivity. Field diseases assessment and inspection; diseases control should be from emergence to capsule formation and maturity.
Keywords
Constraints, Incidence, Prevalence, Severity
To cite this article
Yirga Belay Kindeya, Weres Negash Golla, Asefa Abadi Kebede, Fiseha Baraki Sibhatu, Survey and Identification of Major Sesame Diseases in Low Land Areas of Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia, Journal of Biomaterials. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2018, pp. 58-64. doi: 10.11648/j.jb.20180202.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Ojiambo, P. S., R. K. Mibey, R. D. Narla and P. O. Ayiecho, 2003. Field transmission efficiency of Alternaria sesami in sesame from infected seed. Crop Protection 22(9): 1107-1115.
[2]
El-Bramawy, M. A. S., 2006. Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt in some sesame crosses under field conditions. Plant Protection Sci. 42(2): 99-105.
[3]
Ojiambo, P. S., R. K. Mibey, R. D. Narla and P. O. Ayiecho (2003). Field transmission efficiency ofAlternariasesamiin sesame from infected seed. Crop Protection 22(9): 1107-1115.
[4]
El-Bramawy, M. A. S. (2006). Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt in some sesame crosses under field conditions. Plant Protection Sci. 42(2): 99-105.
[5]
Beech, D. F., 1981. Phyllody – Its impact on yield and possible control measures. pp. 73-80. In: A. Ashri and P. Poetiary (Eds.) Sesame: Status and improvement. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper. No: 29. Rome, Italy.
[6]
Akhtar, K. P., G. Sarwar, M. Dickinson, M. Ahmad, M. A. Haq, S. Hameed and M. J. Iqbal., 2009. Sesame phyllody disease: Symptomatology, etiology and transmission in Pakistan
[7]
Khalid Pervaiz, AKHTAR, Ghulam SARWAR, Matthew DICKINSON, Mushtaq AHMAD, Muhammad Ahsanul HAQ, Sohail HAMEED, Muhammad Javeed IQBAL, 2009. Sesamephyllody disease: its symptomatology, etiology, and transmission in Pakistan. Turk J Agric For 33 (2009) 477-486, TUBİTAK doi:10.3906/tar-0901-23
[8]
Kolte, S. J., 1985. Disease of annual edible oilseed crops Vol. 11. Rapeseed, Mustard and Sesame diseases, CRS press, Florida, 83-127.
[9]
Kumar, P. and Mishra. 1992. Diseases of sesamumindicum in Rohikhand: intensity and yield loss. Indian Phytopathol. 45 121-122.
[10]
Chung BK, Hong KS., 1991. Biological control with Streptomyces sp. on Fusariumoxysporumfspvasinfectum and Phytoptheranicotianaevarparasitica causing sesame wilt and blight leaf spot. Korean J Mycol 19:231–237
[11]
Gaikwad SJ, Pachpande SM., 1992. Effects of temperature on wilt ofsesame caused by Fusariumoxysporum f. spp. Sesami. JMaharastraAgrilUniv 17:76–78
[12]
El-Bramawy MAS, Wahid OAA., 2007. Identification of genetic resources to Fusarium wilt, charcoal root rot and Rhizoctonia root rot among sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) germplasm. African Crop Science Proceedings of African Crop Science Society, El Minia. Egypt 8:1893
[13]
Mirza, M. S. and M. A. Akhtar, 1987). Susceptibility of Sesame to bacterial blight, A new disease for Pakistan. Pakistan J. Agri. Res. 8 (8): 87-89.
[14]
Boureau, T., J. Routtu, E. Roinea, S. Taira and M. Romantschuk, 2002. Localization of hrpA induced Pst DC3000 in infected tomato leaves. Mol. Plant Pathol. 3: 451-60.
[15]
Bashir, S., M. Irfan-ul-Haque, T. Mukhtar, G. Irshad and M. A. Hussain, 2007. Pathogenic variation in Pseudomonas syringaeand Xanthomonascampestrispv. Sesami associated with blight ofsesame. Pakistan J. Bot. 39(3): 939-943. 1900
[16]
Wheeler BEJ., 1969. An Introduction to Plant Diseases. Wiley, London, pp. 347.
[17]
Description of the study areas in western zone of Tigray, own survey, 2014
[18]
GenStat., 2009. Gen Stat for Windows (16th Edition) Introduction. VSN International, Hemel Hempstead.
[19]
Rajpurohit, T. S., 1983. Occurrence, varietal reaction and chemical control of new powdery mildew (ErisipheorontilCast). Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Path. 23, 207-209.
[20]
Belay, 2018. Screening of Fusarium Wilt, Bacterial Blight and Phyllody Diseases Resistant Sesame Genotypes in Sesame Growing Areas of Northern Ethiopia, Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 15(2): 1-12; Article no. JAERI. 41414 ISSN: 2394-1073
[21]
Amano, K., 1986. “Host Range and Geographical Distribution of the Powdery Mildew Fungi. Japan Scientific Societies Press. Print.
[22]
TNAU, 1980. Score chart for crop diseases. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Browse journals by subject